Bloating is also known as water retention or edema. There are few things which trigger our body to retain water in its tissues, organs, and circulatory system. Our body is made up of 70% of water but during water retention, the percentage increases.
Here I am about to discuss why water retention or bloating occurs in various regions of our body and how to tackle it.
Different parts of our body suffer water retention for different reasons. Knowing the reasons help us to understand whether we need to change the diet/lifestyle or go straight to the doctor!
If the pressure changes on the blood carrying capillaries it can make the capillaries rupture. This calls for repairing of capillaries. Water may get stored there to facilitate white blood cells. Also, if the capillaries become too leaky then water leaks into the spaces between tissues resulting in a swelled area.
The lymphatic system drains fluid out of tissue into blood vessels. If a lot of liquid is released in one go and lymph is not able to drain it out fast enough water stores into tissue spaces. Sometimes due to congestion same thing happens resulting in water retention.
The heart pumps blood throughout the body at a particular pressure. If due to some heart failures it is not able to pump blood away from body parts, water stores there. Legs, feet or ankle will swell up. Fluid can build up in lungs as well which can result in a cough for a long time. A doctor should be consulted right away.
In the case of any inflammation, histamine is produced by the body to fill tissue gaps. This eases the action of white blood cells in injured tissues. Prolonged inflammations result in bloating.
The increase in weight of uterus increases pressure on veins in pelvic region which causes swelling. It goes away after pregnancy and there is nothing to be afraid of.
Lack of exercise reduces the strength with which heart pumps blood. It also affects the fluid flow into the blood by the lymphatic system. Inactivity hence increases water retention in legs or feet as the veins store lot of fluid in them. The pressure of the fluid can cause veins to rupture and form varicose veins.
Due to blood pressure problem or heart failure if blood supply to kidneys get altered then the filters in it fail to drain waste water out. This can lead to severe bloating around the organ and can result in kidney failure. Any discomfort in passing urine should be reported to the doctor immediately.
Serious bloating can occur if your body becomes protein deficient. Lack of tissue formation is replaced by water which results in increased abdomen area.
Estrogen-containing drugs like birth control pills, anti-inflammatory pills (like aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen) and beta blockers used by heart patients cause serious water retention.
This is majorly caused by hormonal imbalance. This can be counteracted by a good nutrition.
Salt rich diet and diet lacking vitamin B1, B5, B6 causes bloating. Low levels of albumin cause this too.
Certain food or insects induce allergens in our body which cause inflammation and in turn increases water retention. Anti-allergic treatment or avoiding food which causes allergy should be adopted.
People suffering thyroid gland dysfunction suffer water retention all the time. Thyroid checkup should be done every 6 months by everyone.
This scientific insight to bloating will help you to understand your body deeply and take action at the right time. In my next article, I will suggest diet and tips which can seriously tackle this widespread problem.